Building an Evidence Ontology

I have already highlighted in several earlier posts the aspects and importance of evidence but i am going to revisit particular key messages to explain the benefits from formalising the structure of evidence in order for it to support and improve EA knowledge.

  • The evidence ontology needs to be able to bring together a variety of research to strengthen hypotheses and recommendations in the artefacts and methods used in the architecture development method.
  • The evidence ontology needs to be able to support the internal EA content behind new views and scenarios as well as incorporate evidence from external sources.
  • Finally the evidence ontology needs to be able to support the formation of an evidence knowledge base that is flexible to help the engineering of future organisation models.
  • The evidence ontology needs to be able to enable the cross referencing required to demonstrate the importance of pattern and knowledge rules

You may be asking what is the point of building up a model of evidence to such a degree as an ontology. The main reason is that it is a relatively simple model and by doing so you are able to decide upon what constitutes evidence, how you characterise it and how you build and approve it. Otherwise any supporting evidence looses it importance if it does not have foundation. The reason i choose to use Cyber Defence evidence as an example it that the lessons and knowledge gained from understanding threats, risk and vulnerabilities in your organisation is vital to your architectural development now and in the future. That is not to say that evidence in Marketing, Sales or Product / Service development is less important, it is not, as any evidence used to support decision making is vital to develop and sustain a business.

So back to the Evidence Ontology and a proposed high level structure. at the top level the Evidence Ontology looks as follows:

  • Evidence research
  • Evidence development
  • Evidence synthesis
  • Evidence evaluation
  • Hypothesis
  • Evidence monograph
  • Evidence attributes

Each of these classes is further defined by sub classes as demonstrated in the attached image file. I have collected these classes from various sources of information and they represent my view of the necessary requirements to cover the process, classification, evaluation and provision of evidence material to support any decision based activity such as planning, strategy and enterprise architecture. I will continue in the next post with a look at the properties and relationships to the decision based activities through examples.

Evidence Ontology
Evidence Ontology